We have made a small compilation for you about bridges, one of the most important parts of human civilization. We have compiled the most popular bridges in the world for you.
Bridges are structures that have connected and separated civilizations throughout history. Transportation structures that allow us to overcome both sides of the water, wide valleys, and obstacles that are difficult to pass according to their purpose, from the shortest to the longest. So, which are the most popular bridges today, we wanted to present them to you in this article.
Here are the most popular bridges in the world
9. Hoover Dam & Bypass Bridge
It took five years to build. 3.25 million cubic meters of concrete were used in its construction. It was put into service in 2010. It is the highest concrete arch bridge in the world.
Official name: Mike O’Callaghan-Pat Tillman Memorial Bridge
Design: Concrete-steel composite arch bridge
Total Length: 579 m
Longest Span: 323 m
Height: 270 m
Cost: $240 million
Daily Traffic: 15.000 Vehicles
8. Bosphorus Bridge
It took three years to build. Referring to being the first bridge built on the Bosphorus, the First Bridge is one of the three suspension bridges on the Bosphorus connecting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. The feet of the bridge are in Ortaköy on the European side and in Beylerbeyi on the Anatolian side. While it was the fourth longest suspension bridge in the world when its construction was completed, it is in the twenty-first place as of 2012. On July 26, 2016, the official name of the bridge was changed to July 15 Martyrs Bridge in memory of the citizens who lost their lives on the bridge during the 2016 Turkish military coup attempt.
Design: Steel, Suspension Bridge
Number of Strips: 3+3
Length: 1560 m
Height: 165 m
Traffic: As of 2016, an average of 380 000 vehicles per day
7. Forth Bridge
The Forth Bridge (English: Forth Bridge or Forth Rail Bridge) is a railway bridge in Scotland. It was built in 1890. It has three main sections and each is about 520 meters long. The bridge is 2,529 meters long and 46 meters above sea level. About 190-200 trains pass through the bridge every day.
The Forth Bridge was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2015.
6. Hangzhou Bay Bridge
Hangzhou Bay Bridge is a taut sling bridge located over Hangzhou Bay in eastern China. The bridge connects the cities of Jiaxing and Ningbo.
Construction of the bridge was completed on 14 June 2007 and opened to the public on 1 May 2008. The bridge reduced the distance between Ningbo and Shanghai from 400 to 180 km.
Type: Tensioned sling bridge
Length: 35,673 km
Opening Date: 1 May 2008
5. Akashi Kaikyō Bridge
The Akashi Kaikyō Bridge is the longest suspension bridge in the world, connecting the city of Kobe and the island of Awaji in Japan. It is 1991 meters long, the highest point is 282.8 meters.
The idea of connecting the Akashi Strait arose after a disaster. Political pressure to build the bridge increased after a ferry carrying 100 children collided with another ferry in 1955 and 168 people were killed, construction began in 1988 and took 10 years. The bridge was opened to traffic on April 5, 1998. The bridge was built 1990 meters long and was extended by 1 meter after the Kobe Earthquake on January 17, 1995.
The Akashi Strait is the strait with the heaviest maritime traffic in the world (1000 ships per day), moreover, it is located in the typhoon zone, and the wind speed reaches 290 km per hour. In the construction of this bridge, suspension bridge technology has reached its latest limit.
The bridge cost 3.6 billion dollars. More than 100 contractor companies took part in its construction. The length of its steel legs is 298 m and the height of the deck is 65 m above sea level. Approximately 181,400 tons of steel and 1.42 million cubic meters of concrete were used in its construction.
4.Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge
Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge, or Third Bosphorus Bridge, is a bridge built on the northern side of the Bosphorus facing the Black Sea. The bridge is the widest in the world with a width of 59 meters, and the highest in the world in its class of inclined suspension bridges with a tower height of 322 meters, in all bridge classes. The suspension bridge with the second highest tower and a main span of 1,408 meters is the longest suspension bridge with a rail system on it, and the ninth longest middle span among all suspension bridges. Its foundation was laid in May 2013 and it was built with a spending of ₺8.5 billion in 27 months. It was opened to traffic in August 2016.
Type Hybrid: Suspension/Tensioned inclined suspension bridge
Material: Steel and Concrete
Widest Span: 1.408 m
Cost: 8.5 billion ₺
Traffic: As of 2016, an average of 110 000 vehicles per day
3. Millau Viaduct Bridge
The Millau Viaduct is a cable-supported suspension bridge that crosses the valley of the River Tarn and connects Millau and Southern France. Designed by civil engineer and architect Norman Foster, the bridge has the title of the world’s highest bridge for vehicles to cross. At 343 meters, it is slightly higher than the Eiffel Tower and 37 meters shorter than the Empire State Building. The bridge is 225 kilometers per hour. It is produced to withstand the wind speed reaching high speed. The bridge, whose opening ceremony was held on 14 December 2004, was opened to vehicle traffic two days later. The bridge’s life span is 120 years.
2.4 km total length.
The shortest foot length of 77 meters
The longest foot length of 343 meters, the highway section is 245 meters.
Mast length of 87 meters.
154 covers, covers.
Average altitude is 270 meters.
The lane width is 4.20 meters.
32.05 meters road width
85,000 m³ of concrete was used.
Total weight 290,000 tons.
Number of vehicles using daily: 10.000-25.000
Slope to pass through a radius of 20 km.
2. Brooklyn Bridge
USA – Construction of the Bridge connecting Brooklyn and Manhattan over the East River in New York began on January 3, 1870. It was completed 13 years later and opened on May 24, 1883.
It was the dream of John A. Roebling, the inventor of the wire cable, to build this bridge, which was needed to remedy the increased traffic between Brooklyn and Manhattan. John A. Roebling owned the world’s largest cable-manufacturing company, producing telegraph wires, electrical bridge wires, and ship and elevator wires. He worked on the drawing of the bridge from 1865. He succeeded in getting this bridge construction project he had dreamed of, but his foot was crushed as a result of an accident while locating the bridge and he died in 1869 after suffering from pain for 2 weeks as a result of infection, his son Washington Roebling was appointed as the chief engineer of the bridge.
In 1870, Washington Roebling was hit and bedridden while working in the underwater chambers on which the bridge’s towers were to be built. Thanks to the struggle of his wife, Emily Warren Roebling, he was not removed from the position of chief engineer of the bridge and his wife remained the unofficial chief engineer, he supervised the construction of the bridge from his bed and connected it with the construction site through his wife.
The opening day of the bridge was declared a holiday in New York, it is said that 150,300 pedestrians crossed the bridge and threw 1 cent into the water on that day. Built-in the Gothic style, this bridge is considered the pinnacle of 19th-century engineering and the 8th wonder of the world.
At the time of its completion, it was the widest suspension bridge in the world; the towers of the bridge were the tallest structures in the USA for several years. The span between the main pillars of the bridge over the east river is 486.3 meters. The construction cost of the bridge is US$ 15.1 million and approximately 27 people died during its construction.
1. Golden Gate Bridge
When it comes to bridges, of course, the most popular is the Golden Gate Bridge (Golden Gate Bridge), a suspension bridge over the Golden Gate Strait at the entrance to San Francisco Bay in California.
Currently, it is the seventh longest suspension bridge in the world. The length of the bridge is 2.73 km, the distance between the piers is 1.28 km, its height reaches 235 meters. There are six lanes for vehicular traffic. The bridge connects San Francisco with the northern regions of Marin County and the more sparsely populated Napa and Sonoma Valley.
Technical Specifications of the Golden Gate Bridge
Type: Suspension and Frame Bridge
Length: 2332 m
Width: 27.4 m
Height: 227.4 m
Average Daily Traffic: 118 thousand vehicles
Distance Between Feet:1.28 km
Start Date: 5 January 1933
End Date: 19 April 1937
Opening Date: May 27, 1937