One of this year’s most anticipated global events, the FIFA 2022 World Cup will be held in Qatar from 21 November to 18 December 2022. Being the first Arab country to host this event, Qatar aims to organize a green and sustainable FIFA 2022 World Cup, and in this direction, it is preparing for the event with 8 different stadiums to adapt to critical climatic conditions. Let’s examine these 8 Qatar 2022 Fifa World Cup Stadiums together.
Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup Stadiums
Khalifa Stadium, which was built in Al Rayyan in 1976, was renovated in 2017 and became the first stadium to be ready for the 2022 World Cup matches.
This structure, which has hosted many international organizations, has a capacity of 40,000 people. In the arena, which draws attention with its modern design and belts, a more comfortable competitive environment has been created by using innovative cooling technologies. In addition, the huge roof added to the structure helps to maintain optimum temperature values.
The new east wing of the stadium includes shops, food courts, a museum, and a health center.
Ahmad Bin Ali Stadium
Ahmed Bin Ali Stadium, which was demolished in 2015 for the World Cup and started to be rebuilt in 2016, was opened on 18 December 2020. More than 80% of the materials of the building, which were destroyed during the reconstruction of the stadium, were reused or recycled. In addition, the trees around during this renovation have been preserved for future planting.
Designed as a tent in the desert, this structure is located next to the Mall of Qatar, one of the largest shopping malls in Qatar.
On the exterior of the stadium, where you can see the reflections of Qatari culture, geometric patterns that are frequently used in Islamic architecture are used. The patterns are used to emphasize the beauty of the desert, the importance of the family, and local and international trade. In addition to these, the shield shape used represents the power of Al Rayyan.
Al Bayt Stadium
The stadium, which takes its name from “Al Beyt” meaning “home” in Arabic, will host the 2022 FIFA World Cup opening match.
The structure, which resembles a traditional Bedouin tent, has a capacity of 60,000 people. Inspired by the tents used to protect from the desert heat, the stadium has been designed to provide optimum temperature conditions by using a retractable roof system, providing shade, and using cooling technologies.
And again, just like a real tent, the modular designed seats in the arena were preferred to be portable. In this way, the upper layer of the seats will be given to countries that need sports infrastructure after the event. However, a 5-star hotel will be built in the upper hall of the stadium after the event.
Al Janoub Stadium
The 40,000-seat Al Janoub Stadium, designed by Zaha Hadid Architects, draws attention with its maritime-inspired architecture. The city of Al Wakrah, where the stadium is located, is a pearl diving and fishing center, and Qatar’s famous wooden dhows are the inspiration for the design.
As Qatar is such a hot and humid country, one of the challenges is keeping the hot weather out. Accordingly, the roof of the stadium is designed to direct the air currents around the stadium. In addition, the light color of the roof allows the reflection of sunlight.
Inside the stadium, a ventilation system is placed under the seats to keep the stands cool. In addition, cold air will be blown to create a layer of cool air over the stadium during the match for the players.
The stadium is planned to be used as a local community venue later on.
Education City Stadium
Located in the center of the Education City, where universities in Qatar and the Qatar Foundation, known for its investments in education, are located, the stadium draws attention with its diamond-like design that represents quality and durability. Also called “Diamond in the Desert” due to its design, the triangles on the facade of the stadium give the impression that the color of the facade changes as the sun moves.
This stadium, which has a capacity of 40,000 people, is aimed to set an example in terms of sustainability. 25% recycled materials were used in its construction and it was also the first sports complex in the country to be awarded 5 stars by the Global Sustainability Rating System.
The stadium, which has the most innovative and unusual design among 8 stadiums, was built from containers.
The 974 Stadium, named after the international dialing code of Qatar, also indicates the number of 974 shipping containers used in its construction.
Due to the design of the venue, fewer construction materials were needed than in traditional stadiums. In addition, since it is located by the sea, it provides a natural breeze and relieves the cooling system of the stadium.
The 40,000-seat stadium is completely demountable after use. However, it has the distinction of being the first fully portable stadium in World Cup history. After the World Cup, it will be completely dismantled and used for different projects to be developed for the local people on the seaside.
Al Thumama Stadium
Inspired by the skullcap, an important accessory of Arab and Muslim culture, the stadium has a capacity of 40,000 people.
After the World Cup, the stadium’s seating capacity will be halved and a mixed-use entertainment facility will be built. A boutique hotel will be located at the top of the stadium.
The stadium uses recycled water to irrigate green spaces, saving 40% more than a traditional stadium.
Lusail Stadium, the largest of the 8 stadiums with a capacity of 80,000 people, will host the opening and closing ceremonies.
The stadium, which draws attention with its design inspired by the interaction of light and shadow seen in the traditional lamp of Doha, has motifs of the Arab and Islamic world on its façade.
When the event is over, this stadium will be equipped to meet all human needs as the center of the newly built metropolis. Schools, shops, cafes, sports facilities, etc. It will become a multi-purpose center. 80,000 seats in the stadium will be donated to other sports projects.
- Sanal Şantiye