The digital world has come to direct our lives, especially with the pandemic process. Trainings, lectures and meetings have been held in our homes for almost a year through our phones, tablets and computers. The leading corporate companies of the construction industry also have to keep up with this digitalization and transformation.
In this article, we will talk about some digital transformations that also affect the construction industry.
Building Information Modeling (BIM)
When it comes to construction and technology, of course, Building Information Modeling comes to mind for all of us. To briefly define Building Information Modeling, which was first discussed in the 1970s, but entered our lives with the development of computers and technology after the 2000s; BIM is to prepare and follow all the processes related to the building from a single point to the finest detail by creating a kind of simulation of the entire process (planning, design, implementation, control and maintenance) of a construction from start to finish. All stages of the building to be built are modeled with BIM technology with the finest details and it provides document management, coordination and simulation during the completion and commissioning of the project.
In addition, the designs of asymmetrical structures, which are difficult to understand with 2D drawings, become more understandable with 3D models used in the BIM process. With this technology, it allows all stakeholders in the construction process (architectural, static, mechanical, electrical, etc.) to work in a coordinated manner by working on the same model.
Speaking of BIM so much, it would not be possible to pass without counting the most preferred BIM software in the international arena. Software such as AutoCAD, Revit, ALLPLAN, ArchiCAD, SketchUP are the pioneers of the BIM software world and provide convenience to their users in many areas.
Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality Technology
Of course, it will be inevitable to integrate virtual reality technology into a detailed model such as BIM. Thanks to virtual reality and augmented reality technologies, unforeseen design errors that may travel inside the building can be detected before the construction of the building has started, thus, time and cost savings can be achieved by avoiding the problems to be encountered.
Robots and Drones
The construction sector is one of the least robotized sectors due to the intense labor requirement, constantly changing jobs and the lack of a standard production process. However, of course, robots and drones will be able to take part in some areas.
For example, thanks to drones, the entire work safety process of the construction site can be controlled 24/7, and the site chief or occupational safety specialist can monitor the safety of the construction site even if he is not on site at that time. In addition, drones can be used shortly for the transportation of materials.
There may also be repetitive work on construction sites. This can mean that we can work with robots in the future on partition wall construction, plaster and paint works.
Web Technologies – Mobile Software
As we mentioned at the beginning of our article, phones, tablets and computers have become an indispensable part of our lives. It also makes a great contribution to reaching people who are experts in the field of mobile software in the construction industry. For example, great strides are taken in getting a quote from professionals who are experts in their fields, in the fastest way possible. Software such as zoom and google meet, which are used in all areas of the business world due to the pandemic process, and all meetings such as coordination meetings between the project and the field are transferred to the digital environment.
In general, we can think that the construction industry is just at the beginning of digitalization, and great opportunities await us in the digital construction industry!